Digital Library of Mathematical Functions
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23 Weierstrass Elliptic and Modular FunctionsNotation

§23.1 Special Notation

(For other notation see Notation for the Special Functions.)

𝕃 lattice in .
,n integers.
m integer, except in §23.20(ii).
z=x+y complex variable, except in §§23.20(ii), 23.21(iii).
[a,b] or (a,b) closed, or open, straight-line segment joining a and b, whether or not a and b are real.
primes derivatives with respect to the variable, except where indicated otherwise.
K(k), K(k) complete elliptic integrals (§19.2(i)).
2ω1,2ω3 lattice generators ((ω3/ω1)>0).
ω2 -ω1-ω3.
τ=ω3/ω1 lattice parameter (τ>0).
=πτ nome.
g2,g3 lattice invariants.
e1,e2,e3 zeros of Weierstrass normal cubic 4z3-g2z-g3.
Δ discriminant g23-27g32.
n set of all integer multiples of n.
S1/S2 set of all elements of S1, modulo elements of S2. Thus two elements of S1/S2 are equivalent if they are both in S1 and their difference is in S2. (For an example see §20.12(ii).)
G×H Cartesian product of groups G and H, that is, the set of all pairs of elements (g,h) with group operation (g1,h1)+(g2,h2)=(g1+g2,h1+h2).

The main functions treated in this chapter are the Weierstrass -function (z)=(z|𝕃)=(z;g2,g3); the Weierstrass zeta function ζ(z)=ζ(z|𝕃)=ζ(z;g2,g3); the Weierstrass sigma function σ(z)=σ(z|𝕃)=σ(z;g2,g3); the elliptic modular function λ(τ); Klein’s complete invariant J(τ); Dedekind’s eta function η(τ).

Other Notations

Whittaker and Watson (1927) requires only (ω3/ω1)0, instead of (ω3/ω1)>0. Abramowitz and Stegun (1964, Chapter 18) considers only rectangular and rhombic lattices (§23.5); ω1, ω3 are replaced by ω, ω for the former and by ω2, ω for the latter. Silverman and Tate (1992) and Koblitz (1993) replace 2ω1 and 2ω3 by ω1 and ω3, respectively. Walker (1996) normalizes 2ω1=1, 2ω3=τ, and uses homogeneity (§23.10(iv)). McKean and Moll (1999) replaces 2ω1 and 2ω3 by ω1 and ω2, respectively.