# relation to hypergeometric differential equation

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##### 1: 15.17 Mathematical Applications
###### §15.17(i) DifferentialEquations
This topic is treated in §§15.10 and 15.11. … The three singular points in Riemann’s differential equation (15.11.1) lead to an interesting Riemann sheet structure. …These monodromy groups are finite iff the solutions of Riemann’s differential equation are all algebraic. …
##### 2: 13.2 Definitions and Basic Properties
13.2.1 $z\frac{{\mathrm{d}}^{2}w}{{\mathrm{d}z}^{2}}+(b-z)\frac{\mathrm{d}w}{\mathrm{d% }z}-aw=0.$
##### 3: 16.25 Methods of Computation
###### §16.25 Methods of Computation
Methods for computing the functions of the present chapter include power series, asymptotic expansions, integral representations, differential equations, and recurrence relations. They are similar to those described for confluent hypergeometric functions, and hypergeometric functions in §§13.29 and 15.19. There is, however, an added feature in the numerical solution of differential equations and difference equations (recurrence relations). …Instead a boundary-value problem needs to be formulated and solved. …
##### 4: 13.27 Mathematical Applications
###### §13.27 Mathematical Applications
Confluent hypergeometric functions are connected with representations of the group of third-order triangular matrices. …This identification can be used to obtain various properties of the Whittaker functions, including recurrence relations and derivatives. … For applications of Whittaker functions to the uniform asymptotic theory of differential equations with a coalescing turning point and simple pole see §§2.8(vi) and 18.15(i).
##### 5: 13.3 Recurrence Relations and Derivatives
###### §13.3(i) Recurrence Relations
13.3.7 $U\left(a-1,b,z\right)+(b-2a-z)U\left(a,b,z\right)+a(a-b+1)U\left(a+1,b,z\right% )=0,$
Kummer’s differential equation (13.2.1) is equivalent to
13.3.14 $(a+1)zU\left(a+2,b+2,z\right)+(z-b)U\left(a+1,b+1,z\right)-U\left(a,b,z\right)% =0.$
##### 6: 31.12 Confluent Forms of Heun’s Equation
Confluent forms of Heun’s differential equation (31.2.1) arise when two or more of the regular singularities merge to form an irregular singularity. This is analogous to the derivation of the confluent hypergeometric equation from the hypergeometric equation in §13.2(i). … This has regular singularities at $z=0$ and $1$, and an irregular singularity of rank 1 at $z=\infty$. …
##### 7: 15.5 Derivatives and Contiguous Functions
###### §15.5(ii) Contiguous Functions
The six functions $F\left(a\pm 1,b;c;z\right)$, $F\left(a,b\pm 1;c;z\right)$, $F\left(a,b;c\pm 1;z\right)$ are said to be contiguous to $F\left(a,b;c;z\right)$. … An equivalent equation to the hypergeometric differential equation (15.10.1) is …Further contiguous relations include: …
##### 8: 15.19 Methods of Computation
###### §15.19(ii) DifferentialEquation
A comprehensive and powerful approach is to integrate the hypergeometric differential equation (15.10.1) by direct numerical methods. …However, since the growth near the singularities of the differential equation is algebraic rather than exponential, the resulting instabilities in the numerical integration might be tolerable in some cases. …
###### §15.19(iv) Recurrence Relations
The relations in §15.5(ii) can be used to compute $F\left(a,b;c;z\right)$, provided that care is taken to apply these relations in a stable manner; see §3.6(ii). …
##### 9: 19.18 Derivatives and Differential Equations
###### §19.18(ii) DifferentialEquations
and two similar equations obtained by permuting $x,y,z$ in (19.18.10). … and also a system of $n(n-1)/2$ Euler–Poisson differential equations (of which only $n-1$ are independent): …If $n=2$, then elimination of $\partial_{2}v$ between (19.18.11) and (19.18.12), followed by the substitution $(b_{1},b_{2},z_{1},z_{2})=(b,c-b,1-z,1)$, produces the Gauss hypergeometric equation (15.10.1). …
##### 10: 14.32 Methods of Computation
Essentially the same comments that are made in §15.19 concerning the computation of hypergeometric functions apply to the functions described in the present chapter. In particular, for small or moderate values of the parameters $\mu$ and $\nu$ the power-series expansions of the various hypergeometric function representations given in §§14.3(i)14.3(iii), 14.19(ii), and 14.20(i) can be selected in such a way that convergence is stable, and reasonably rapid, especially when the argument of the functions is real. In other cases recurrence relations14.10) provide a powerful method when applied in a stable direction (§3.6); see Olver and Smith (1983) and Gautschi (1967). …
• Numerical integration (§3.7) of the defining differential equations (14.2.2), (14.20.1), and (14.21.1).