# asymptotic approximations for large zeros

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## 1—10 of 38 matching pages

##### 1: 10.70 Zeros

##### 2: 13.9 Zeros

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►For fixed $a,b\in \u2102$ the large
$z$-zeros of $M(a,b,z)$ satisfy
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►For fixed $b$ and $z$ in $\u2102$ the large
$a$-zeros of $M(a,b,z)$ are given by
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►For fixed $b$ and $z$ in $\u2102$ the large
$a$-zeros of $U(a,b,z)$ are given by
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##### 3: 13.22 Zeros

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►Asymptotic approximations to the zeros when the parameters $\kappa $ and/or $\mu $ are large can be found by reversion of the uniform approximations provided in §§13.20 and 13.21.
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##### 4: 9.12 Scorer Functions

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►For the above properties and further results, including the distribution of complex zeros, asymptotic approximations for the numerically large real or complex zeros, and numerical tables see Gil et al. (2003c).
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##### 5: 10.21 Zeros

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###### §10.21(viii) Uniform Asymptotic Approximations for Large Order

…##### 6: 18.26 Wilson Class: Continued

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►For asymptotic expansions of Wilson polynomials of large degree see Wilson (1991), and for asymptotic approximations to their largest zeros see Chen and Ismail (1998).
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##### 7: 5.4 Special Values and Extrema

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###### §5.4(iii) Extrema

… ►As $n\to \mathrm{\infty}$, ►
5.4.20
$${x}_{n}=-n+\frac{1}{\pi}\mathrm{arctan}\left(\frac{\pi}{\mathrm{ln}n}\right)+O\left(\frac{1}{n{(\mathrm{ln}n)}^{2}}\right).$$

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##### 8: 12.11 Zeros

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►For large negative values of $a$ the real zeros of $U(a,x)$, ${U}^{\prime}(a,x)$, $V(a,x)$, and ${V}^{\prime}(a,x)$ can be approximated by reversion of the Airy-type asymptotic expansions of §§12.10(vii) and 12.10(viii).
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##### 9: 29.20 Methods of Computation

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►Initial approximations to the eigenvalues can be found, for example, from the asymptotic expansions supplied in §29.7(i).
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►These matrices are the same as those provided in §29.15(i) for the computation of Lamé polynomials with the difference that $n$ has to be chosen sufficiently large.
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►A fourth method is by asymptotic approximations by zeros of orthogonal polynomials of increasing degree.
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###### §29.20(iii) Zeros

… ►Alternatively, the zeros can be found by locating the maximum of function $g$ in (29.12.11).##### 10: 10.72 Mathematical Applications

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►Bessel functions and modified Bessel functions are often used as approximants in the construction of uniform asymptotic approximations and expansions for solutions of linear second-order differential equations containing a parameter.
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►In regions in which (10.72.1) has a simple turning point ${z}_{0}$, that is, $f(z)$ and $g(z)$ are analytic (or with weaker conditions if $z=x$ is a real variable) and ${z}_{0}$ is a simple zero of $f(z)$, asymptotic expansions of the solutions $w$ for large
$u$ can be constructed in terms of Airy functions or equivalently Bessel functions or modified Bessel functions of order $\frac{1}{3}$ (§9.6(i)).
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►If $f(z)$ has a double zero
${z}_{0}$, or more generally ${z}_{0}$ is a zero of order $m$, $m=2,3,4,\mathrm{\dots}$, then uniform asymptotic approximations (but

*not*expansions) can be constructed in terms of Bessel functions, or modified Bessel functions, of order $1/(m+2)$. … ►In regions in which the function $f(z)$ has a simple pole at $z={z}_{0}$ and ${(z-{z}_{0})}^{2}g(z)$ is analytic at $z={z}_{0}$ (the case $\lambda =-1$ in §10.72(i)), asymptotic expansions of the solutions $w$ of (10.72.1) for large $u$ can be constructed in terms of Bessel functions and modified Bessel functions of order $\pm \sqrt{1+4\rho}$, where $\rho $ is the limiting value of ${(z-{z}_{0})}^{2}g(z)$ as $z\to {z}_{0}$. … ►Then for large $u$ asymptotic approximations of the solutions $w$ can be constructed in terms of Bessel functions, or modified Bessel functions, of variable order (in fact the order depends on $u$ and $\alpha $). …