This is the Airy function (§9.2).
The zeros in Table 36.7.1 are points in the plane, where is undetermined. All zeros have , and fall into two classes. Inside the cusp, that is, for , the zeros form pairs lying in curved rows. Close to the -axis the approximate location of these zeros is given by
|Zeros inside, and zeros outside, the cusp .|
More general asymptotic formulas are given in Kaminski and Paris (1999). Just outside the cusp, that is, for , there is a single row of zeros on each side. With , they are located approximately at
where is the real solution of
For a more extensive asymptotic analysis and further tabulations, see Kaminski and Paris (1999).
This is (36.2.5) with (36.2.2). The zeros are lines in space where is undetermined. Deep inside the bifurcation set, that is, inside the three-cusped astroid (36.4.10) and close to the part of the -axis that is far from the origin, the zero contours form an array of rings close to the planes
Near , and for small and , the modulus has the symmetry of a lattice with a rhombohedral unit cell that has a mirror plane and an inverse threefold axis whose and repeat distances are given by
The zeros are approximated by solutions of the equation
The rings are almost circular (radii close to and varying by less than 1%), and almost flat (deviating from the planes by at most ). Away from the -axis and approaching the cusp lines (ribs) (36.4.11), the lattice becomes distorted and the rings are deformed, eventually joining to form “hairpins” whose arms become the pairs of zeros (36.7.1) of the cusp canonical integral. In the symmetry planes (e.g., ), the number of rings in the th row, measured from the origin and before the transition to hairpins, is given by
Outside the bifurcation set (36.4.10), each rib is flanked by a series of zero lines in the form of curly “antelope horns” related to the “outside” zeros (36.7.2) of the cusp canonical integral. There are also three sets of zero lines in the plane related by rotation; these are zeros of (36.2.20), whose asymptotic form in polar coordinates is given by